Security Control Assessor

Security Control Assessor Work Role ID: 612 (NIST: SP-RM-002) Category/Specialty Area: Securely Provision / Risk Management Workforce Element: Cybersecurity

Conducts independent comprehensive assessments of the management, operational, and technical security controls and control enhancements employed within or inherited by an information technology (IT) system to determine the overall effectiveness of the controls (as defined in NIST 800-37).


Items denoted by a * are CORE KSATs for every Work Role, while other CORE KSATs vary by Work Role.

Core KSATs

KSAT ID Description KSAT
19

Knowledge of cyber defense and vulnerability assessment tools, including open source tools, and their capabilities.

Knowledge
22

* Knowledge of computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies.

Knowledge
40

Knowledge of organization’s evaluation and validation requirements.

Knowledge
53

Knowledge of the Security Assessment and Authorization process.

Knowledge
55

Knowledge of cybersecurity principles used to manage risks related to the use, processing, storage, and transmission of information or data.

Knowledge
58

Knowledge of known vulnerabilities from alerts, advisories, errata, and bulletins.

Knowledge
63

Knowledge of cybersecurity principles and organizational requirements (relevant to confidentiality, integrity, availability, authentication, non-repudiation).

Knowledge
69

Knowledge of Risk Management Framework (RMF) requirements.

Knowledge
70

Knowledge of information technology (IT) security principles and methods (e.g., firewalls, demilitarized zones, encryption).

Knowledge
77

Knowledge of current industry methods for evaluating, implementing, and disseminating information technology (IT) security assessment, monitoring, detection, and remediation tools and procedures utilizing standards-based concepts and capabilities.

Knowledge
95A

Knowledge of penetration testing principles, tools, and techniques.

Knowledge
105

Knowledge of system and application security threats and vulnerabilities (e.g., buffer overflow, mobile code, cross-site scripting, Procedural Language/Structured Query Language [PL/SQL] and injections, race conditions, covert channel, replay, return-oriented attacks, malicious code).

Knowledge
108

* Knowledge of risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk).

Knowledge
183

Skill in determining how a security system should work (including its resilience and dependability capabilities) and how changes in conditions, operations, or the environment will affect these outcomes.

Skill
197

Skill in discerning the protection needs (i.e., security controls) of information systems and networks.

Skill
537

Develop methods to monitor and measure risk, compliance, and assurance efforts.

Task
548

Develop specifications to ensure risk, compliance, and assurance efforts conform with security, resilience, and dependability requirements at the software application, system, and network environment level.

Task
566

Draft statements of preliminary or residual security risks for system operation.

Task
691

Maintain information systems assurance and accreditation materials.

Task
710

Monitor and evaluate a system’s compliance with information technology (IT) security, resilience, and dependability requirements.

Task
1040A

Knowledge of relevant laws, policies, procedures, or governance related to critical infrastructure.

Knowledge
1072

Knowledge of network security architecture concepts including topology, protocols, components, and principles (e.g., application of defense-in-depth).

Knowledge
1157

* Knowledge of national and international laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity.

Knowledge
1158

* Knowledge of cybersecurity principles.

Knowledge
1159

* Knowledge of cyber threats and vulnerabilities.

Knowledge
6900

* Knowledge of specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses.

Knowledge

Additional KSATs

KSAT ID Description KSAT
3

Skill in conducting vulnerability scans and recognizing vulnerabilities in security systems.

Skill
27

Knowledge of cryptography and cryptographic key management concepts.

Knowledge
38

Knowledge of organization’s enterprise information security architecture system.

Knowledge
43A

Knowledge of embedded systems.

Knowledge
88

Knowledge of new and emerging information technology (IT) and cybersecurity technologies.

Knowledge
121

Knowledge of structured analysis principles and methods.

Knowledge
128

Knowledge of systems diagnostic tools and fault identification techniques.

Knowledge
143

Knowledge of the organization’s enterprise information technology (IT) goals and objectives.

Knowledge
156

Skill in applying confidentiality, integrity, and availability principles.

Skill
203

Skill in identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.

Skill
457

Conduct Privacy Impact Assessments (PIA) of the application’s security design for the appropriate security controls, which protect the confidentiality and integrity of Personally Identifiable Information (PII).

Task
772

Perform validation steps, comparing actual results with expected results and analyze the differences to identify impact and risks.

Task
775

Plan and conduct security authorization reviews and assurance case development for initial installation of systems and networks.

Task
798

Provide an accurate technical evaluation of the software application, system, or network, documenting the security posture, capabilities, and vulnerabilities against relevant cybersecurity compliances.

Task
827

Recommend new or revised security, resilience, and dependability measures based on the results of reviews.

Task
836

Review authorization and assurance documents to confirm that the level of risk is within acceptable limits for each software application, system, and network.

Task
878

Verify that application software/network/system security postures are implemented as stated, document deviations, and recommend required actions to correct those deviations.

Task
879

Verify that the software application/network/system accreditation and assurance documentation is current.

Task
936

Develop security compliance processes and/or audits for external services (e.g., cloud service providers, data centers).

Task
942

Knowledge of the organization’s core business/mission processes.

Knowledge
1034A

Knowledge of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) data security standards.

Knowledge
1034B

Knowledge of Payment Card Industry (PCI) data security standards.

Knowledge
1034C

Knowledge of Personal Health Information (PHI) data security standards.

Knowledge
1036

Knowledge of applicable laws (e.g., Electronic Communications Privacy Act, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, Protect America Act, search and seizure laws, civil liberties and privacy laws), statutes (e.g., in Titles 10, 18, 32, 50 in U.S. Code), Presidential Directives, executive branch guidelines, and/or administrative/criminal legal guidelines and procedures relevant to work performed.

Knowledge
1037

Knowledge of information technology (IT) supply chain security and risk management policies, requirements, and procedures.

Knowledge
1038

Knowledge of local specialized system requirements (e.g., critical infrastructure systems that may not use standard information technology [IT]) for safety, performance, and reliability.

Knowledge
1039

Skill in evaluating the trustworthiness of the supplier and/or product.

Skill
1131

Knowledge of security architecture concepts and enterprise architecture reference models (e.g., Zackman, Federal Enterprise Architecture [FEA]).

Knowledge
1141A

Knowledge of an organization’s information classification program and procedures for information compromise.

Knowledge
1142

Knowledge of security models (e.g., Bell-LaPadula model, Biba integrity model, Clark-Wilson integrity model).

Knowledge
1146

Develop and Implement cybersecurity independent audit processes for application software/networks/systems and oversee ongoing independent audits to ensure that operational and Research and Design (R&D) processes and procedures are in compliance with organizational and mandatory cybersecurity requirements and accurately followed by Systems Administrators and other cybersecurity staff when performing their day-to-day activities.

Task