Security Architect

Security Architect Work Role ID: 652 (NIST: SP-ARC-002) Category/Specialty Area: Securely Provision / Systems Architecture Workforce Element: Cybersecurity

Designs enterprise and systems security throughout the development lifecycle; translates technology and environmental conditions (e.g., law and regulation) into security designs and processes.


Items denoted by a * are CORE KSATs for every Work Role, while other CORE KSATs vary by Work Role.

Core KSATs

KSAT ID Description KSAT
22

* Knowledge of computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies.

Knowledge
38

Knowledge of organization’s enterprise information security architecture system.

Knowledge
63

Knowledge of cybersecurity principles and organizational requirements (relevant to confidentiality, integrity, availability, authentication, non-repudiation).

Knowledge
68B

Ability to design architectures and frameworks.

Ability
70B

Skill in applying cybersecurity methods, such as firewalls, demilitarized zones, and encryption.

Skill
108

* Knowledge of risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk).

Knowledge
143A

Knowledge of integrating the organization’s goals and objectives into the architecture.

Knowledge
183

Skill in determining how a security system should work (including its resilience and dependability capabilities) and how changes in conditions, operations, or the environment will affect these outcomes.

Skill
197A

Skill in translating operational requirements into protection needs (i.e., security controls).

Skill
534

Develop/integrate cybersecurity designs for systems and networks with multilevel security requirements or requirements for the processing of multiple classification levels of data primarily applicable to government organizations (e.g., UNCLASSIFIED, SECRET, and TOP SECRET).

Task
561

Document and address organization’s information security, cybersecurity architecture, and systems security engineering requirements throughout the acquisition lifecycle.

Task
568

Employ secure configuration management processes.

Task
579

Ensure acquired or developed system(s) and architecture(s) are consistent with organization’s cybersecurity architecture guidelines.

Task
631

Identify and prioritize critical business functions in collaboration with organizational stakeholders.

Task
646A

Document the protection needs (i.e., security controls) for the information system(s) and network(s) and document appropriately.

Task
765

Perform security reviews, identify gaps in security architecture, and develop a security risk management plan.

Task
994

Define and document how the implementation of a new system or new interfaces between systems impacts the security posture of the current environment.

Task
1072A

Ability to apply network security architecture concepts including topology, protocols, components, and principles (e.g., application of defense-in-depth).

Ability
1157

* Knowledge of national and international laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity.

Knowledge
1158

* Knowledge of cybersecurity principles.

Knowledge
1159

* Knowledge of cyber threats and vulnerabilities.

Knowledge
2248

Develop a system security context, a preliminary system security CONOPS, and define baseline system security requirements in accordance with applicable cybersecurity requirements.

Task
2390

Evaluate security architectures and designs to determine the adequacy of security design and architecture proposed or provided in response to requirements contained in acquisition documents.

Task
3307

Knowledge of cybersecurity-enabled software products.

Knowledge
6030

Ability to apply an organization’s goals and objectives to develop and maintain architecture.

Ability
6900

* Knowledge of specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses.

Knowledge

Additional KSATs

KSAT ID Description KSAT
8

Knowledge of authentication, authorization, and access control methods.

Knowledge
21

Knowledge of computer algorithms.

Knowledge
25

Knowledge of encryption algorithms (e.g., Internet Protocol Security [IPSEC], Advanced Encryption Standard [AES], Generic Routing Encapsulation [GRE], Internet Key Exchange [IKE], Message Digest Algorithm [MD5], Secure Hash Algorithm [SHA], Triple Data Encryption Standard [3DES]).

Knowledge
27

Knowledge of cryptography and cryptographic key management concepts.

Knowledge
34

Knowledge of database systems.

Knowledge
40A

Knowledge of organization’s evaluation and validation criteria.

Knowledge
42

Knowledge of electrical engineering as applied to computer architecture, including circuit boards, processors, chips, and associated computer hardware.

Knowledge
43A

Knowledge of embedded systems.

Knowledge
46A

Knowledge of system fault tolerance methodologies.

Knowledge
51

Knowledge of how system components are installed, integrated, and optimized.

Knowledge
52

Knowledge of human-computer interaction principles.

Knowledge
53

Knowledge of the Security Assessment and Authorization process.

Knowledge
62

Knowledge of industry-standard and organizationally accepted analysis principles and methods.

Knowledge
65A

Knowledge of Information Theory (e.g., source coding, channel coding, algorithm complexity theory, and data compression).

Knowledge
75

Knowledge of mathematics, including logarithms, trigonometry, linear algebra, calculus, and statistics.

Knowledge
78

Knowledge of microprocessors.

Knowledge
79

Knowledge of network access, identity, and access management (e.g., public key infrastructure [PKI]).

Knowledge
81A

Knowledge of network protocols such as TCP/IP, Dynamic Host Configuration, Domain Name System (DNS), and directory services.

Knowledge
82A

Knowledge of network design processes, to include understanding of security objectives, operational objectives, and tradeoffs.

Knowledge
90

Knowledge of operating systems.

Knowledge
92

Knowledge of how traffic flows across the network (e.g., Transmission Control Protocol [TCP] and Internet Protocol [IP], Open System Interconnection Model [OSI], Information Technology Infrastructure Library, current version [ITIL]).

Knowledge
94

Knowledge of parallel and distributed computing concepts.

Knowledge
109A

Knowledge of configuration management techniques.

Knowledge
110

Knowledge of key concepts in security management (e.g., Release Management, Patch Management).

Knowledge
111A

Ability to apply secure system design tools, methods and techniques.

Ability
113A

Knowledge of N-tiered typologies including server and client operating systems.

Knowledge
119

Knowledge of software engineering.

Knowledge
124A

Ability to apply system design tools, methods, and techniques, including automated systems analysis and design tools.

Ability
130

Knowledge of systems testing and evaluation methods.

Knowledge
132

Knowledge of technology integration processes.

Knowledge
133

Knowledge of key telecommunications concepts (e.g., Routing Algorithms, Fiber Optics Systems Link Budgeting, Add/Drop Multiplexers).

Knowledge
141A

Knowledge of the enterprise information technology (IT) architectural concepts and patterns to include baseline and target architectures.

Knowledge
144

Knowledge of the systems engineering process.

Knowledge
155

Skill in applying and incorporating information technologies into proposed solutions.

Skill
180

Skill in designing the integration of hardware and software solutions.

Skill
224

Skill in design modeling and building use cases (e.g., unified modeling language).

Skill
238A

Skill in writing code in a currently supported programming language (e.g., Java, C++).

Skill
413A

Analyze user needs and requirements to plan architecture.

Task
483

Define and prioritize essential system capabilities or business functions required for partial or full system restoration after a catastrophic failure event.

Task
484

Define appropriate levels of system availability based on critical system functions and ensure system requirements identify appropriate disaster recovery and continuity of operations requirements to include any appropriate fail-over/alternate site requirements, backup requirements, and material supportability requirements for system recover/restoration.

Task
502A

Develop enterprise architecture or system components required to meet user needs.

Task
569A

Document and update as necessary all definition and architecture activities.

Task
797

Provide advice on project costs, design concepts, or design changes.

Task
807

Provide input on security requirements to be included in statements of work and other appropriate procurement documents.

Task
809

Provide input to the Risk Management Framework process activities and related documentation (e.g., system life-cycle support plans, concept of operations, operational procedures, and maintenance training materials).

Task
864A

Translate proposed capabilities into technical requirements.

Task
993A

Ability to apply the methods, standards, and approaches for describing, analyzing, and documenting an organization’s enterprise information technology (IT) architecture (e.g., Open Group Architecture Framework [TOGAF], Department of Defense Architecture Framework [DoDAF], Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework [FEAF]).

Ability
996A

Assess and design security management functions as related to cyberspace.

Task
1034A

Knowledge of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) data security standards.

Knowledge
1034B

Knowledge of Payment Card Industry (PCI) data security standards.

Knowledge
1034C

Knowledge of Personal Health Information (PHI) data security standards.

Knowledge
1037B

Knowledge of program protection planning to include information technology (IT) supply chain security/risk management policies, anti-tampering techniques, and requirements.

Knowledge
1038

Knowledge of local specialized system requirements (e.g., critical infrastructure systems that may not use standard information technology [IT]) for safety, performance, and reliability.

Knowledge
1073

Knowledge of network systems management principles, models, methods (e.g., end-to-end systems performance monitoring), and tools.

Knowledge
1130

Knowledge of organizational process improvement concepts and process maturity models (e.g., Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) for Development, CMMI for Services, and CMMI for Acquisitions).

Knowledge
1133

Knowledge of service management concepts for networks and related standards (e.g., Information Technology Infrastructure Library, current version [ITIL]).

Knowledge
1141A

Knowledge of an organization’s information classification program and procedures for information compromise.

Knowledge
1142B

Skill in applying security models (e.g., Bell-LaPadula model, Biba integrity model, Clark-Wilson integrity model).

Skill
2014

Analyze candidate architectures, allocate security services, and select security mechanisms.

Task
2887

Write detailed functional specifications that document the architecture development process.

Task
3030

Ability to conduct vulnerability scans and recognize vulnerabilities in security systems.

Ability
3153

Knowledge of circuit analysis.

Knowledge
3246

Knowledge of confidentiality, integrity, and availability requirements.

Knowledge
3353

Knowledge of the Risk Management Framework Assessment Methodology.

Knowledge
3642

Knowledge of various types of computer architectures.

Knowledge
6150

Ability to optimize systems to meet enterprise performance requirements.

Ability
6330

Knowledge of multi-level/security cross domain solutions.

Knowledge
6640

Skill in designing multi-level security/cross domain solutions.

Skill
6680

Skill in the use of design methods.

Skill